TENSES

Posted: July 4, 2012 in artikel sederhana

TENSES

 

 

 

PENJELASAN ( INTRODUCE)

KEGUNAAN tenses adalah untuk memberikan PENJELASAN terhadap KAPAN suatu peristiwa terjadi..

TENSES dibagi menjadi 4 macam berdasarkan bentuk WAKTUnya, yaitu

  • PRESENT tense
    à peristiwa yang masih atau sedang BERLANGSUNG
  • PAST tense
    à peristiwa yang SUDAH terjadi akan berakhir pada waktu tertentu
  • FUTURE tenses
    à kegiatan yang akan terjadi pada masa yang AKAN datang
  • PAST FUTURE tense
    à perbuatan yang AKAN dilakukan saat waktu yang lampau (yang lalu)

Selanjutnya.. macam-macam TENSES ini terbagi lagi mejadi

  • Simple
  • continuous (selalu menggunakan Verb1 + ing)
  • perfect (pada umumnya, menggunakan (has/have atau had) + verb 3)

  • perfect continuous (biasanya menggunakan TOBE (has/have/had) + Been yang kemudian diikuti Verb1 + (Ing))

 

 

 

TENSES

 


  1. PRESENT TENSE
  • SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

    Rumus :      S + Verb 1 + (s /es) + O
    Cont: she waits her boyfriend in halte everyday.

                            They are student.

     

  • PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

    Rumus : S + To Be ( is, am, are) + verb1 ( +ing)     Cont: they are eating rice.

                                 I am burning a house of ant.

     

  • PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

    Rumus :
    S + Have / has + Verb3

        Cont: we have been there since morning.

                                She has visited surabaya twice.

     

  • PRENSENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

    Rumus :
    S + have/has + been + Verb1 (+ ing)


    Cont: we have been sitting for an hour but she not turned up.

     

     

     

     

  1. PAST TENSE
  • SIMPLE PAST TENSE

    Rumus : S + Verb2 + O              Cont: The train was ten minutes late.

    Atau S + Tobe (Was/were) + O        they don’t go to school yesterday.

     

  • PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

    Rumus : S + Was/were + Verb1 + ing     Cont:They were watching TV when I gone.

                             Lia was testing dancing when I called her.

     

  • PAST PERFECT TENSE

    Rumus: S + Had + Verb3      Cont:I had been at home when you went to library

                             He had not gone when I slept last night.

     

  • PAST PERFECT CONTINOUS TENSE

    Rumus: S + Had +been + verb1 + ing    

    Cont: she had been crying, when we followed dancing.

     

  1. FUTURE TENSE
  • SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

    Rumus: S + shall/will + verb1         Cont: we shall go to market tomorrow.

                                Budi will be there next mont.

     

  • FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

    Rumus: S + shall/will + be+ Verb1+ ing    cont: I shall be waitting if you come to night.

    You will be coming from bandung to night.

     

  • FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

    Rumus: S+ shall/will + have + verb3    Cont: Reny will have been at home.

                                They will have brought a books.

     

  • FUTURE PERFECT CONTINOUS TENSE

    Rumus : S + shall/will + have+been + Verb1 + ing

    Cont: he will have been working here for two years by the end of the year.

 

 

 

 

  1. PAST FUTURE TENSE
  • PAST FUTURE TENSE

    Rumus: S + should/would + Verb1 Cont: He would steal our book the weak before.

                                I should bid him a pen the day before.

     

  • PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

    Rumus: S + should/would +be + verb1+ing    cont: she would be taking my dictionery.

     

  • PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

    Rumus: S+ should/would + have + verb3    

    Cont: he would have been success if he had learned hard.

     

  • PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

    Rumus: S + should/would + have been + verb1+ing

Contoh: they should not have been working here for two years by the end of this years.

 

 

 

 

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